INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH PEDAGOGY AND TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION AND MOVEMENT SCIENCES <p>The Journal is a Quaterly, open access, double–blind peer-reviewed &amp; Refreed journal being published by The University Academics Publishings. We invite articles from Multidiciplinary Filed in general and Research/Pedagogy/Technology in Education, Social Science and Movement Scieneces in perticular. The journal is concerned with research and article and associted Multidiciplinary publication involving Education, Physical Education, Sports Science, Social Sciences, Humanity &amp; Behavioural Sciences, Law,Commerce, Core and General Science Subjects, Medical and health education, health promotion, health economics, quality of life, analysis of risk and quality assessment. The Journal would publish peer-reviewed original research papers, case reports, case series, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, Perspective, editorial, and debates.</p> <p>The International The society is mainly aiming for the development and promotion of research methods in education and teaching, adoption of new pedagogical technology and sport Sciences. The society is working hard to become one of the finest and most scientific journal providers in the field of Education, Social Science, Behavioral Science, Sport, Movement Science and Related Fields while keeping all the interest of the authors in stream line. This society consists of number of educationists, counselors and scientists in order to proceed for a better research methodology and scientific researches. Today we are doing our best to provide best platform to the young researchers to discuss and publish scientific research papers in national and international level. THE UNIVERSITY ACADEMICS PUBLISHING pays every attention to give best service to our valuable authors or contributors, as the main motive of this non profit forum is to uplift educational research methodology. The University Academics Publishing is looking for great and interested researchers, scientists, U.G/P.G/Doctoral scholars, educationists, coaches and sportsman to contribute in achieving goals, by guiding and submitting manuscripts with all hope to build long-term relationships and we also promise to providing the best possible service. Our commitment to service and our personal attention ensures that we will work as a team and will be an active participant in the publishing process. This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without any charges to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access. We welcome articles from all medical specialties related with Radiology and Imaging, Radiotherapy and other related sub specialities. We accept, in English Review articles, Research/Original articles, Case Reports, Case series, Research letters &amp; Letters to Editor. Our motto to is to provide an international platform to the large volume of research work which in going on all around the world. Our mission is to update medical fraternity with the latest knowledge. We are committed and promise to take this journal to greaterer heights. We request all readers to submit articles for the upcoming issue. We have already receive ISSN Number and we are in process to get indexed with Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, Cross reference, Research Boble, etc. We are making efforts to get indexed with other International and National databases shortly.</p> THE UNIVERSITY ACADEMICS PUBLISHING en-US INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH PEDAGOGY AND TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION AND MOVEMENT SCIENCES 2319-3050 EFFECT OF WEIGHT TRAINING ON RESTING PULSE RATE AMONG MIDDLE DISTANCE AND LONG-DISTANCE RUNNERS OF OSMANIA UNIVERSITY <p><em>The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of Weight training on Resting Pulse Rate among Middle Distance and Long-Distance runners of Osmania University. Total 90 male athletes of Middle Distance and Long-Distance runners were randomly selected as subjects from Degree &amp; PG colleges which are affiliated to Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana and their age ranged between 18-22 years. The study was formulated as pre and post-test random group design, in which N=45 male athletes of Middle-Distance runners and Long-Distance runners divided into three equal groups as Group 1 (n = 15) Middle Distance Runners Group, Group 2 (n = 15) Long Distance Runners Group, Group 3 (n = 15) Control group. The experimental groups 1 &amp; 2 underwent 12 weeks of Weight training i.e., 3 days/week and Control groups did not go for any specific training. Pre and Posttest was administrated prior and after training period on Resting Pulse Rate for the three groups respectively. The statistical tests Mean, Standard Deviation, ‘t’ test, ANCOVA and Scheffe’s Post Hoc test was carried out with the help of the software package of social science (SPSS 20.0 version). With the effect of 12 weeks of Weight training, it was found that there was a significant difference on Resting Pulse Rate between Experimental groups and Control group. </em></p> Tagulla Venkanna L. B. Laxmikanth Rathod Copyright (c) 2023 Tagulla Venkanna, L. B. Laxmikanth Rathod 2023-08-16 2023-08-16 12 03 1 5 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.390 ANALYSIS OF SELECTED BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES AMONG UNIVERSITY BASKETBALL AND HANDBALL PLAYERS <p>The performance of players in various sports may be influenced by the anthropometric, physical and the physiological characteristics and may also aid in determining a suitable physique required for a sport. &nbsp;The Body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure have been selected to assess the body composition and physiological variables status of the basketball and handball players of different universities of Punjab. Data was collected from total 50 players and selected 25 each from both the basketball and handball players of Punjab. The results revealed that there is insignificant difference found in Body mass index and in systolic and diastolic blood pressure it was found that there is significant in both the variables between the basketball and handball players of Punjab region.</p> Harnek Singh Ashok Kumar Mehul Puri Copyright (c) 2023 Harnek Singh, Ashok Kumar, Mehul Puri 2023-08-18 2023-08-18 12 03 6 10 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.286 CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS ONLINE SHOPING <p>Online marketing has gained huge popularity and importance all over the world. Considering the wide range of benefits, it provides to marketers as well as customer. The growing number of Internet user in India provides a bright prospect for online shopping. If E-marketers know the key factors affecting behavior of customers and its relationship then they can formulate their marketing strategies to convert potential customers into loyal ones and retaining existing online customers. This research paper highlights on the consumer behaviors of people residing in the Jammu&nbsp; City, their behavior towards online shopping through e commerce websites such as Amazon, Flip kart etc.</p> POONAM SHARMA Copyright (c) 2023 POONAM SHARMA 2023-08-18 2023-08-18 12 03 11 14 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.384 TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AND ACCOUNTING PROFESSIONS <p>This study was on technological innovation and accounting profession. Three objectives were raised which included: To find out the outcome of technological innovation on the efficiency of the accounting profession, to find out the outcome of technological innovation on the effectiveness of the accounting profession and to find out the challenges of accountant face technological innovation. The total population for the study is 75 staffs of UBA. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.</p> POONAM SHARMA Copyright (c) 2023 POONAM SHARMA 2023-08-18 2023-08-18 12 03 15 17 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.388 A STUDY OF KIN ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES TO IDENTIFY TALENT OF YOUNG MALE JUDOKAS OF RAJASTHAN <p>Physical fitness is a quality of life for a general person but for a sportsman it can be evaluated and described as under. a, General physical fitness&nbsp; &nbsp;b. Specific physical fitness. The general physical fitness is the overall fitness of a sports man and includes all the physical fitness components or abilities such as strength, speed, endurance, agility, flexibility and body constitution, Whereas specific physical fitness refers to the fitness that fulfils that pre-conditional requirement of a particular sport or event especially physique, growth, health age and various physiological demands in relation to anthropometrical attributes ( Sodhi and Sidhu, 1984). In light weight category U-17 year, it was been found that Judokas and controls differed significantly in bone mass, muscle mass and fat mass except fat in heavy weight category only. Here it was found that Judokas&nbsp;&nbsp; were lesser in these components than there of the controls.</p> Sher Singh Singh Rekha Bhardwaj Copyright (c) 2023 Sher Singh Singh, Rekha Bhardwaj 2023-08-18 2023-08-18 12 03 18 23 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.253 STANDARDIZATION OF ARTISTIC GYMNASTIC SKILL TEST ON FLIC-FLAC SALTO BACKWARD STRETCHED FOR SUB JUNIOR GIRLS <p>The study was standardization of artistic gymnastic skill test on Flic-Flac Salto Backward Stretched for sub junior girls. The gymnasts were chosen using a purposive sample technique to compete at the state and national levels. The face validity of the gymnastic skills test was developed. Several gymnastic skills were recorded using the FIG rulebook. 13 experts were given the list of talents to rate using a Likert scale. High-rated abilities had been taken into account for the skill test battery. The performance of the subjects was judged by three judges, and then standardised the test based on their evaluations. which has adequate face validity, high reliability, and objectivity in measuring the gymnastic skill ability of the sub-junior gymnasts.</p> Vinay Bhatia Harmanpreet Kaur Copyright (c) 2023 Vinay Bhatia, Harmanpreet Kaur 2023-08-18 2023-08-18 12 03 24 27 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.363 PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS PROFILE DURING VARIOUS STAGES OF TRAINING FOR ADOLESCENT AMERICAN FOOTBALL PLAYERS <p>Today’s world is&nbsp;soadvanced&nbsp;that each&nbsp;facet&nbsp;of life is dominated by science and technology. Exercise&nbsp;science&nbsp;associated sports&nbsp;aren’t&nbsp;an exception&nbsp;to that. Technology has forever&nbsp;modified&nbsp;our world, and&nbsp;within the&nbsp;method&nbsp;considerably&nbsp;hyperbolic&nbsp;the importance of menstruation&nbsp;and&nbsp;dominant&nbsp;performance relevant to psychological and physiological variables. Sport science&nbsp;incorporates a&nbsp;vital&nbsp;role in&nbsp;distinguishing, monitoring, and developing young&nbsp;gifted&nbsp;athletes (Williams &amp; Reilly, 2000). For best practices and success, coaches&nbsp;got to&nbsp;perceive&nbsp;the&nbsp;complicated&nbsp;processes in developing athletic&nbsp;experience.</p> Aruna Rani Nidhi Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Aruna Rani, Nidhi Sharma 2023-08-22 2023-08-22 12 03 33 37 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.254 ACUTE EFFECT OF SINGLE BOUT OF AEROBIC DANCE EXERCISE ON HEART RATE <p>It is obvious, when physical activity included in our daily routine, results an overall development of cardiovascular health status. Measurement of heart rate has been used widely for assessing the pattern of cardiac autonomic function in various exercise condition. Aerobic dance movement is a modern type of physical exercise which helps to improve cardiovascular fitness. The purpose of the study was to observe the immediate effect of a schedule aerobic dance exercise as a moderate exercise intervention on heart rate in different physiological conditions. Fifteen (n=15) physically active male adults (age=24.47±1.03) pursuing the Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.ED) course were recruited as subjects of this study. For the collection of data purposive sampling method was used. They were provided a ten-minute aerobic dance exercise protocol before the test. The heart rate (HR) was recorded as pre-dance exercise (resting HR), just after ten minutes of dance exercises (exercise HR) and post dance exercise (recovery HR) up to ten minutes more. Continues measurement of heart rates (HR) were done by the Holter machine. The mean resting heart rate was recorded as 55.53±7.75 beats/min, which after ten minutes of aerobic dance exercise reached up to 136.93±13.92 beats/min and again in 10<sup>th</sup> minute of recovery, it came down to 65.26±6.04 beats/min. RM of ANOVA shows that there was a significant difference in resting heart rate, exercise heart rate and recovery heart rate. Aerobic dance exercise shows significant change of heart rate among pre, during and post exercise session.</p> Debasish Dey Dilip Roy Sridip Chatterjee Copyright (c) 2023 Debasish Dey, Dilip Roy, Sridip Chatterjee 2023-08-23 2023-08-23 12 03 38 43 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.382 ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF UTTAR PRADESH <p>The purpose of the present study was to survey the physical activity and of school going children of Uttar Pradesh. The study employed a stratified random sampling, where the participants for the study, 3000 primary and high school children and from representative samples from different schools; aided, unaided and government. The sample selection was done following a stratified random sampling to include representative samples in the different categories. Apart from the physical data on the physical activity of school going children were collected by using a self-made questionnaire to present the physical activity of school going children of Uttar Pradesh, descriptive statistics and percentage analysis were used. The independent t–test was used to compare the physical and health status of school going children on selected parametric variables with respect to gender. The level of significance to test the selected hypothesis was set at 0.05.</p> Subhash Chandra Copyright (c) 2023 Subhash Chandra 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 12 03 81 85 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.395 PERCEIVED POTENTIAL OF E-ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES: AN INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH <p>COVID-19 is a pandemic threat through which the entire planet is affected, and at the same time, everything went through tremendous changes, including education. E-learning has become the sole method of knowledge transfer, even in developing countries, and e-assessment has become more and more crucial in this digital transformation of education. To fully utilize its potential to improve students’ learning demands, however, it must be understood how deeply and how far it has ingrained itself in teachers' minds. This paper aims to examine the perception of teachers regarding e-assessment strategies in the teaching-learning process as well as the challenges they faced while using e-assessment techniques. For this purpose, the researchers employed a self-constructed tool on a sample of 200 school teachers who are presently working in different institutions across the country. By using appropriate statistical techniques, the findings of the present research work discovered a significant difference in perceived usefulness, compatibility, self-efficacy, and resource facilitation as four important domains of e-assessmentwith respect to the gender of teachers at the school level, it is also observed that no significant difference among teachers as per their gender in awareness, and perceived ease of use and ITsupportsthe domain of e-assessment.On the basis of the findings, it is recommended that there is a need for such training programs and capacity-buildingprograms for school teachers that will increase the self-efficacy and compatibility among them regarding the effective usage of e-assessment and evaluation strategies to create an optimal learning environment in the classroom.</p> Parinka Sharma Seema Rani Thappa Jyoti Narayan Baliya Copyright (c) 2023 Parinka Sharma, Seema Rani Thappa, Jyoti Narayan Baliya 2023-10-01 2023-10-01 12 03 86 93 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.393 ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MENTAL TOUGHNESS AND JUDO PERFORMANCE <p>The present study analyses the relationship between mental toughness and performance in judo. 30 Male subjects, aging between 17 - 30 years were selected to assess their mental toughness by using Alan Heary mental toughness questionnaire and judo performance by administering the Sterkowicz Judo Fitness Test. Subjects with high level of mental toughness displayed high level of judo performance and vice versa.. Furthermore, other researches in the same field is required to better understand the influence of mental toughness on judo performance.</p> Nisha Rani Das Gaurav Sanotra Copyright (c) 2023 NISHA RANI DAS, Gaurav Sanotra 2023-10-02 2023-10-02 12 03 94 97 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.332 EFFECTS OF CROSS FIT TRAINING AND CIRCUIT TRAINING ON CRICKETERS <p><em>Training contributes tremendously towards the achievement of such aims of this area in sports. </em><em>Sports and games are new trend in India. Explosive strength training is a part of every game for example cricket, tennis, basketball, boxing, volleyball, athletics, soccer rugby kabaddi wrestling etc. some of games are 80% to 90% dependent on explosive strength training and some are 30% to 50%.</em><em>The traditional training name to improve explosive strength was plyometrics but now in current era cross fit has taken its place. Cross fit is combination of effective way to get fit. </em><em>It is a&nbsp;fitness program&nbsp;that combines a wide variety of functional movements into a timed or scored&nbsp;workout. This research study has been conducted on male cricketers of age group from 19 to 25. The data was collected with the help of different tests-body fat percentage, dynamic strength index and vo<sub>2</sub>max under the 12 week training program of cross fit training and circuit training with different groups. The statistical analysis has been done through SPSS. The significance level was determined at p<u>&gt;</u>0.05.</em></p> Hardeep Kaur Saini Sukhjivan Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Hardeep Kaur Saini, Sukhjivan Singh 2023-10-11 2023-10-11 12 03 109 115 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.412 EMOTIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH OF PUNJAB POLICE WOMEN CONSTABLES <p><strong>Aim of study:</strong> The aim of this study was to assess the status of emotional health &amp; environmental health status among Punjab Police women constables. <strong>Material and Methods: </strong>A sample of Thirty(N=30) women constables from Punjab Police has been selected randomly and further bifurcated into two classes i.e., N<sub>1</sub>: Junior Constables with experience up to 1 year and N<sub>2</sub>: the Constables with the job up to 10 years Senior Constables, for the in-depth analysis. The tool used for data collection was a structured ‘Wellness Questionnaire’ which was constructed by Gordon Edlin and Eric Golanty in 2004. The mean, S.D. and ‘t-test’ were calculated to find out the significance of difference between the groups. <strong>Results: </strong>mean and S.D. of Junior and Senior Punjab Police Women Constables for their emotional health status variable is 27.20 ± 1.61 and 26.00 ± 2.17 respectively and Environmental Health variable is 28.46 <strong>+-</strong> 1.55 and 29.20 +- 1.65 respectively. The calculating ‘t’-value (1.718), of emotional health status which is less than the tabulated ‘t’-value (2.048), at 0.05 level. So, it shows that there is an insignificant difference between Junior and Senior Punjab Police Women Constables for their Emotional Health Variable. The calculated ‘t’-value (1.251), Environmental Health Variable which is more than the tabulated ‘t’-value (2.048) at 0.05 level. So, it indicates that there is a insignificant difference between Junior and Senior Punjab Police Women Constables for their Environmental Health Variable.</p> Yadwinder Kaur Bakhsis Singh Amarpreet Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Yadwinder Kaur, Bakhsis Singh, Amarpreet Singh 2023-10-17 2023-10-17 12 03 116 120 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.411 BRIDGING THE GAP: UNDERSTANDING THE DIGITAL GENDER DIVIDE IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR UNION TERRITORY <p>Digitalization is a crucial element in contemporary societies, playing a key role in achieving sustainable development goals and deeply embedding itself in our social, political, and economic lives. The versatile benefits of digital technology touch various aspects, empowering entrepreneurs, facilitating citizen engagement, aiding migrant remittances, improving accessibility to telemedicine, supporting flexible work arrangements, and enhancing educational experiences. However, the transformative potential of digitalization is not equally accessible, especially for women and girls facing barriers rooted in social, cultural norms, and gender stereotypes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost union territory of India, grapples with a literacy rate of 67.16%, notably lower than the national average of 77.7% (NFHS, 2022). The COVID-19 pandemic worsened challenges in the region exposing gaps in technology availability and proficiency, emphasizing the need for robust digital infrastructure. Unfortunately, ICT facilities in J&amp;K are costly, limited, and unevenly distributed. Adding to these challenges is the pervasive gendered digital divide, hindering girls in the UT of J&amp;K from fully embracing digital technologies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This research paper aims to scrutinize digital device accessibility, assess the gender gap in device usage among women in the UT of J&amp;K, and explore challenges faced by women in adopting digital technology. The study also seeks to highlight digital initiatives by the federal government, state governments, and the Government of J&amp;K to address the gender digital gap. Additionally, it strives to provide practical recommendations for bridging this gap and promoting digital inclusivity in the UT of J&amp;K.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Digitalization, ICT Infrastructures, Gender Digital Divide, Digital technology.</p> Kavita Suri Sonali Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Kavita Suri, Sonali Sharma 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 12 03 131 142 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.426 SPATIAL-TEMPORAL PARAMETERS OF OBESE & NON-OBESE, FEMALE CHILDREN DURING WALKING <p>Obesity is one of the leading health complications in the world, one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century it&nbsp; effect on every system of human body, locomotory system. &nbsp;The present study is a quantitative study, which was designed to investigate the variations of selected gait parameters between obese &amp; non-obese&nbsp;&nbsp; females aged between 12-14 years. The whole sample consisted of 50 subjects with equal number of obese (50) and non-obese (50) females. The subjects were instructed to run across a pre-designed walkway at their maximum speeds. During this, they were filmed using high-resolution cameras. The criterion measures of interest were spatial parameters. &nbsp;Conclusion: the&nbsp; Step and Stride length of non-obese females is higher than obese females of same age category.</p> Ravinder Kour Amarpreet Singh Copyright (c) 2024 Ravinder Kour, Amarpreet Singh 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 12 03 143 146 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.431 PRACTICALITIES OF EVOKED POTENTIAL IN EXERCISE AND SPORTS SCIENCE <p>Evoked Potential (EVP) is an electrophysiological tool to measure sensory conduction from the eyes, ears and somatosensory areas in clinical settings since, computer assisted neurological techniques became readily accessible. First stimulus-based EVP on human scalp was recorded by Pauline Davis in 1939. However, EVP as a measure of neurocognition through sports performance and habitual exercise is a novel area of research. EVP appropriately measures the sensory pathways. Thus, making its application a worthy mention to understand cognitive growth among the players and practitioners. The objective of the study implicates the applications of evoked potential in exercise and sports to understand its practicality over other electrophysiological tools. &nbsp;Anatomical considerations along with Vedic literature references were considered to understand the sensory and muscular coordinates and the impact of regular exercise and training on sports players. Handful of available related literatures were gathered and presented in this conceptual study. Practicalities of evoked potential measures to portray three domains of exercise and training effects which include; Ball games, mind body exercise and graded training. Research is few and needs more study in this area, however available evidence clearly indicates that evoked potential is a direct measure of the sensory pathways represented as graphical wave recordings which are easy to interpret. Thus, EVP being a simple direct neurocognitive tool is recommended over the other techniques to establish the role of exercise in the development of sports players and practitioners.</p> Puneet Bhattacharya Sridip Chatterjee Copyright (c) 2023 Puneet Bhattacharya, Sridip Chatterjee 2023-08-23 2023-08-23 12 03 44 50 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.378 MEDITATION: A THERAPEUTIC VIEW <p>Meditation is an ancient technique that has recently been extracted from its spiritual framework, and applied to therapy for the enhancement of personal well-being.Although we have limited ourselves to reviewing studies that refer only to meditation as a technique, there is abundant literature that relates meditation to a religious-philosophical framework. It could be argued that in extracting the technique from its theoretical and belief context, the meaning and effect of meditation is deprived of its essence--just as an interpretation, cognitive challenge, or a paradoxical injunction would not have the same impact/outcome when removed from its therapeutic context.There are different types of meditation, but all seem to be fundamentally based on the concept of self-observation of the subject's psychic activity in the here and now, with an acceptance of process rather than content. The practice of meditation has positive short- and long-term rewards, the main ones being a calm self-control, called 'the relaxation response'. These effects include a wakeful hypo metabolic physiological state and a balance of the parasympathetic or trophotropic and sympathetic or ergotrophic functions.The evidence of meditative physical effects is consistent with increasing evidence of the biological impact of psychological interventions. It refutes convincingly the stereotypical criticism that talking therapies 'do nothing' or are 'just' placebo.Meditation is not free from side-effects, even for long-term mediators or experienced teachers. Nor is it free of contraindications.</p> Rekha Bhardwaj Copyright (c) 2023 Rekha Bhardwaj 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 12 03 68 76 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.400 DOWN TURN IN WOMEN’S SPORTS PARTICIPATION IN INTER-COLLEGE COMPETITION AT CH. DEVI LAL UNIVERISTY, SIRSA <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The position of women in society has been at the center of discussions for decades. The concepts of gender mainstreaming to empower women, gender equality and gender equity were identified as key factors in promoting women's quality of life. In the ancient Olympic Games, women were not allowed to participate, they were not even allowed to see the games. The overall concept has now changed days. The sports and sports program is a part of the entire educational system. The program of physical education and sports activities should be based on the interests and needs of the students, institutions and also the structure of the organization. University-level physical education classes should be sufficient for modern youth to acquire fine motor skills for the future development of women's sports. The young women of the universities and colleges are the best prospects for the future to achieve top performance in the field of sports. It is acceptable that India's achievements in physical education and sport are negligible. It is also accepted that the performance of Indian University. The youth are not even close to their counterparts in Europe and other nations. Ch.Devi Lal University, Sirsa has not yet achieved a prominent place in the inter-university competitions.</p> <p>The reason could be multiple and hence researchers say this is necessary in the present hour to find out the causes behind the lower participation of various college women teams in the inter-college competition of Ch.Devi Lal University, Sirsa. The purpose of the study is therefore an examination of the factors contributing to college women's participation in the Intercollege Competition at Ch.Devi Lal University, Sirsa.</p> Ravinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Ravinder Kumar 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 12 03 77 80 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.371 EXPLORING FLIPPED CLASSROOM AS PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF LITERATURE <p><em>The rapid growth in the digitalization and outbreak of COVID pandemic has accelerated the inclusion of technology in education. Higher education in the present world of digitalization faces the challenge of providing high quality education which is cost effective and also caters to the needs of students from diverse backgrounds. Flipped classroom has been positioned as an integrated pedagogical approach which can be implemented in higher education so as to cater to the needs of students of digital world. There is lack of sufficient information regarding implementation designs of flipped classroom. Therefore, present research was conducted to understand the flipped classroom implementation. </em><em>This paper is a review paper in which a systematic review of implementation designs of flipped classroom has been done. </em><em>The studies were taken from the year 2010-2023. JSTOR, Springer and Taylor Francis repositories were consulted for the review. A total of 27 review articles were included for conducting the present study. </em><em>Based on the review </em><em>the key characteristics of flipped classroom have been determined. The implementation designs of flipped classroom based on systematic review of literature have been discussed. Finally, the best approach for implementing flipped classroom with effectiveness has been assumed.</em></p> Deep Shikha J.N Baliya Copyright (c) 2023 Deep Shikha, J.N Baliya 2023-10-03 2023-10-03 12 03 98 108 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.392 ROLE OF MENTAL TRAINING IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL <p>Mental training is very much in vogue, yielding sterling results in sports and athletic performances. A growing body of research in this area constantly exemplifies that mental training is becoming an indispensable part in athletic preparation programme, particularly when physical training inevitably becomes more and more one-sided approach to build a complete athlete. The main objective of this review article is to investigate and understand the role of mental training in sports performance. Studies that matched and fulfilled the primary objective of the article were considered, reviewed, presented systematically and interpreted critically. &nbsp;Different types of mental technique such as self-talk, imagery, goal setting, physical relaxation, biofeedback, mindfulness training, yoga based mental training and cognitive training have been reported as instrumental to enhance sports performance. Mental training develops an athlete’s different psychological skills such as recovery skills, volitional skills, arousal regulation skills, copping skills, motivational skills, perceptual cognitive skills, motor control skills, self-skills and life skills. These skills help an athlete to overcome different difficult situations in the competition and motivate to set a high aspiration.<strong>&nbsp;</strong>This review study unfolds some fundamental concepts of mental training and its application to nurture and prepare an athlete for better performance.</p> Palash Pramanik Sridip Chatterjee Copyright (c) 2024 Palash Pramanik, Sridip Chatterjee 2024-01-11 2024-01-11 12 03 121 130 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.379 EMPOWERING SOCIETY THROUGH PROMOTIONAL EFFORTS FOR EXPORT ORIENTED FOOD PROCESSING UNITS (A CASE STUDY OF EXPORT CONCLAVE AT RADDISON BLUE HOTEL, NARWAL, JAMMU) <p>Food Processing Industry is globally known Sector. This sector, in Jammu and Kashmir is also known for its Horticultural background. There are various fruits like Apples, Walnuts, Pear, plums etc. These fruits can be processed into various products like, Jams, Jellies, Murrabas, chutnies, candies etc. The speech was given at Raddisson Blue Hotel by Sh. Atal Dulloo, the Hon’ble Commissioner of Horticulture, J&amp;K about the new Holistic Agricultural Development Programme and New Export Policy 2023 in which the Government has initiated various schemes for the development of processed products companies in J&amp;K also. The study tries to find out the level of exports from J&amp;K to other cities, countries by the medium of interaction with the exporters and the small unit holders, SHGs from different villages of Jammu, FPOs from Jammu and outside participated in this conclave. The total number of exporters/ Unit holders present there are 44. Out of which 22 respondents are taken purposively for this study. The collected data is analysed with the help of %ages, regression equations and other statistical techniques. The study shows positive impact of promotional efforts by the Government in empowering society by establishment of more and more micro small-scale enterprises, SHGs. Again, the finding shows above average satisfaction level by different unit holders participate there regarding different marketing mix statement regarding 5 P’s Viz. Product, Price, people, promotion, and place. Finally, the study suggests strategies for efforts adopted by Government to overcome some difficulties in the present scenario.</p> Aditi Chopra Neetu Chopra Copyright (c) 2023 Aditi Chopra, Neetu Chopra 2023-08-23 2023-08-23 12 03 51 61 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.373 PAVING A GLORIOUS PATH FOR INDIAN FOOTBALL: CONTRIBUTIONS OF FIVE KEY PLAYERS <p><em>Indian football team has been on the journey of improving with its ups and downs, and is still on the way to make the mark at International stage. In this paper researchers have discussed the journeys and contribution of five key players namely Mohammed Salim, Bhaichung Bhutia, I.M Vijiyan, Bala Devi and Sunil Chhetri towards Indian Football. One thing that Indian team still strives to do is to play at the biggest stage of world cup. In the entire history of football Indian team has never played in the world cup.&nbsp; In fact, there is a myth floating around that India was not able to participate in the 1950 world cup because players use to play barefoot. Researchers have also discussed the reasons behind India not participating in 1950 Football World Cups.</em></p> Gorky Sinha Pushpinder Singh Harpal Kaur Copyright (c) 2023 Gorky Sinha, Pushpinder Singh, Harpal Kaur 2023-08-23 2023-08-23 12 03 62 67 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.294 Burnout: A Psychological Aspect <p>Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job. It is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. As a reliably identifiable job stress syndrome, burnout clearly places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Burnout impairs both personal and social functioning. This decline in the quality of work and in both physical and psychological health can be costly not just for the individual worker, but for everyone affected by that person. Interventions to alleviate burnout and to promote its opposite, engagement with work can occur at both organizational and personal levels. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being.</p> VishwaDeep Kaushik Sagar Sophie Titus Copyright (c) 2023 VishwaDeep Kaushik Sagar, Sophie Titus 2023-08-22 2023-08-22 12 03 28 32 10.55968/ijems.v12i03.324